Adelgazar definition of terrorism
AGREED DEFINITION OF TERM ‘TERRORISM’ SAID TO BE NEEDED FOR CONSENSUS ON COMPLETING COMPREHENSIVE CONVENTION AGAINST IT Legal Committee Delegate Urges Unity on ‘Enemy to Be Defeated’; Others Warn against Profiling, Linking Problem with Any Religious Faith. Terrorism is an action or threat designed to influence the government or intimidate the public. Its purpose is to advance a political, religious or ideological cause. The current UK definition of terrorism is given in the Terrorism Act In the UK we define terrorism as a violent action that. ‘To get closer to a definition of terrorism we need to unpick its political logic.’ ‘From time to time the death penalty was exacted for murder, espionage and terrorism.’ ‘They are suspected of engaging in credit card fraud to raise money for terrorism.’. FBI definition of terrorism: The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a Government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. U.S. Army Manual definition terrorism is the "calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful. Terrorism definition is - the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion. How to use terrorism in a sentence.
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Welcome to the United Nations. The delegate of Malaysia said that until all countries agreed on the enemy they sought to defeat, there would always be loopholes and safe havens for those criminals to escape justice and the rule of law. The Committee is currently working on the draft of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism that would augment the other 13 specific terrorism treaties, and fill in gaps in an international legal regime covering the topic.
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Some delegates also cautioned against identifying terrorism with a particular religion. The Committee next meets on Monday, 10 October, at 10 a.
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The Sixth Committee Legal met this morning to continue its discussion of measures to eliminate international terrorism. Specifically, the Committee is considering outstanding issues holding up completion of a comprehensive convention on terrorism that would augment and fill in gaps left by the 13 other specific counter-terrorism treaties. His country had acceded to all counter-terrorist conventions and protocols adopted by the General Assembly, and stood ready to work with other delegations to resolve the pending issues involved in the draft comprehensive international convention on terrorism.
He recalled a congress of leaders of world and traditional religions -- held in the country in at its initiative -- whose participants unanimously rejected the use of religion as an ideological justification of terrorism. He noted the critical role regional and subregional organizations played in global anti-terrorism efforts. A Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia was one of the regional structures which had already become an important step towards the establishment of effective security mechanisms in Asia.
Kazakhstan had established a national anti-terrorist centre which was actively cooperating with similar bodies around the world. Domestic legislation was being updated to combat terrorist organizations and their financing, as well as money laundering. Those efforts alone were not sufficient without the root causes of terrorism being found. His country condemned terrorism in all its forms. Its position on the subject had been made clear in international forums.
Saudi Arabia had adopted measures to counter terrorism and had also acceded to the various international counter-terrorism instruments. His country proposed the establishment of a working group with United Nations experts to study the creation of an anti-terrorism centre.
Its final proposals should be conveyed to the General Assembly for its consideration in The creation of such a centre would assist countries in the fight against terrorism. He also urged information and technological exchanges, and cooperation in training in that struggle.
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Bangladesh had ratified 12 of the 13 existing counter-terrorism treaties and was in the process of ratifying the treaty on nuclear terrorism. Terrorism did not discriminate between races, cultures or faiths. He expressed regret that there had been a deliberate attempt to link terrorism with a certain faith, and said terrorism was antithetical to the teachings of Islam.
On the comprehensive convention, he said it should make a distinction between terrorism and the legitimate right of people to self-determination.
He supported the convening of a high-level conference on international terrorism. It was also logical that the convention on international terrorism would have a legal definition of terrorism. Any just cause which terrorists might claim to be fighting for was only harmed by the hideousness of the means they chose.
It also did not matter who the terrorists were or the scale of the terrorist act. All forms of terrorism must be fought against and all terrorist acts condemned. Without the support of other countries, he added, there was no chain of defence against international terrorism. In combating terrorism, he said the conditions that created it must be tackled. States must accede to all the relevant international counter-terrorism instruments. There should be operational cooperation; terrorist logistic networks should be dismantled and emphasis laid on bilateral and multilateral approaches to dealing with the problem.
His country supported the convening of a high-level conference to deal with the enactment of a comprehensive international convention on terrorism. He also supported regional efforts and recalled the Algerian Declaration of African States that resulted in the establishment of an African regional centre on terrorism, with headquarters in Algiers. He said regional efforts must be harmonized and coordinated with those of the United Nations. There should be assistance to developing countries in boosting their anti-terrorism efforts.
The question of human rights should be taken into account in any counter-terrorism activities. The printing and publishing of materials that praised terrorism should be criminalized.
His delegation was prepared to work with others to finalize work on the comprehensive international convention on terrorism currently being undertaken by a working group of the Sixth Committee. Terrorism was a global phenomenon that required a multifaceted response and focused follow-up. Also, more attention should be given to the practical implementation of the counter-terrorism treaties. He said the international legal regime must be expanded to encompass armed non-State actors who were engaged in illicit procurement of arms and financing of terrorism.
They had shown over time how they could exploit democratic systems to advance their criminal agendas. When terrorist groups were treated differently, depending upon their place of origin, collective motive or ideology, the entire issue of terrorism became shrouded in uncertainty and it undermined the global resolve to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. He supported the efforts to offer United Nations assistance to help developing countries build up their capacity to combat terrorism.
Of the 13 existing international treaties on terrorism, China was a party to 10 and a signatory to two more and was in the process of ratifying the Convention on Financing of Terrorism. His country had also acceded to various counter-terrorism instruments, including the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings and the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorism Financing. It hoped that the current consultations under way would lead to a consensus on a joint effort to confront international terrorism.
He said his Government supported the Saudi Arabia proposal for the establishment of a centre to combat terrorism, adding that the centre would contribute effectively to existing counter-terrorism mechanisms. She noted the various counter-terrorism instruments that had been adopted without precise, focused and coordinated strategy, and for that reason a comprehensive convention on terrorism was essential.
She hoped a consensus could be reached on the finalization of the draft text before the Committee during the current General Assembly.
The most important aspect of the draft instrument seemed to be the definition of terrorism, she said. The elements of that, contained in the report of the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change of the World Summit, represented an excellent basis for elaboration of an appropriate legal definition of terrorism.
She said her country believed that other elements were also essential in the fight against terrorism, such as dialogue; understanding the reasons leading to terrorism; education; eradication of the causes of terrorism; cooperation among States and full respect for international law, particularly the United Nations Charter; human rights, and fundamental freedoms. He expressed regret that in the Great Lakes region, there were still countries and groups that believed in the use of force in resolving conflicts.
He called for greater cooperation between regional security services and police departments, and also in investigations and exchange of information and analysis.
He thanked the parties that had been giving technical, financial and legislative assistance to his country. He said the proposal to convene a high-level conference on international terrorism should remain on the agenda.
For its part, Burkina Faso had adhered to 12 of the existing counter-terrorism treaties and had signed the Convention on Nuclear Terrorism. To overcome terrorism, she continued, one must attack its root causes. The international community must work to reduce injustices and inequalities, and the frustrations that arose from marginalization and exclusion. To be effective in combating terrorism, there must be solidarity among nations on the issue; they speak the same language when talking about it.
There should be study of its root causes; he noted that poverty and international tensions were a contributory factor which helped spread international terrorism.
The leading principles in the fight against terrorism, he added, should include the promotion of dialogue and understanding among different religions and countries with different social and political systems.
He commended the Russian Federation for initiating the text of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, and the consensus that led to its adoption last April. He said Belarus believed the General Assembly could be the forum for resolving the difficult task of finalizing the text on a comprehensive international convention on terrorism. He affirmed the right of peoples to self-determination and said other barriers to the completion of work on the text could be overcome with mutual efforts and consensus.
Belarus was ready to consider any proposals to improve United Nations counter-terrorism efforts.
His country supported regional and subregional efforts to that end. Any efforts to eradicate the problem should take account of the root causes of terrorism. Any definition of terrorism should differentiate it from the struggle for self-determination of peoples.
He said Islam had nothing to do with the instigation of harm to innocent peoples. Bahrain had acceded to international counter-terrorism instruments, including regional ones. It fully condemned terrorism in all its forms, and whatever its motivations. Terrorism must be combated with all the existing international instruments and frameworks. Its definition should be comprehensive and general, and the rights of peoples to self-determination, as defined by the General Assembly and international law, should be respected.
All efforts should be focused on eliminating terrorism. It was committed to implementing resolutions requiring freezing of assets of terrorist groups and their associates.
In addition, it had acceded to 11 of the United Nations counter-terrorism instruments. Kuwait welcomed the holding of a high-level conference under United Nations auspices to define terrorism and its underlying causes. Malaysia had endured 42 long years of communist insurgency, which had brought great suffering and loss of life, limb and property to a young and newly independent country and its multiracial and multi-religious people.
The lessons learned were of tremendous value and should be shared as the global effort to deal with the latest form of terrorism continued. Efforts to combat terrorism should adhere to the principles of international law, including humanitarian law and the right to self-determination.
Turkey was a party to 12 of the terrorism treaties and had signed the Convention on Nuclear Terrorism. As to the comprehensive convention, Turkey felt it should be broad in scope. Ever-changing methods, manifestations and targets of terrorism required an inclusive approach. Military and security personnel were also targets for terrorists.
He said he also supported an operational definition of terrorism as was in the current text. Neither can such repressive acts result in absurd, indiscriminate deaths, similar to those caused by terrorism itself. Brazil had signed all legal instruments against terrorism and had ratified 10 of them. He urged a redoubling of efforts to finalize the comprehensive convention, saying that instrument would be a milestone in establishing a comprehensive regime for the application of the existing instruments, as well as help with a generally agreed definition of terrorism.
Brazil supported the holding of a high-level conference which would underscore the commitment to developing anti-terrorist strategies that were coordinated and comprehensive. It reaffirmed its condemnation of terrorism in all its forms, including State terrorism. The Sudan was among the first States that ratified all United Nations sectoral counter-terrorism instrument, and was in the process of acting on the latest international Convention for the Suppression of All Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
It had played an active role in regional efforts to combat terrorism and supported initiatives on dialogue among civilizations. All campaigns to combat terrorism must be guided by the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law.
It also supported Saudi Arabian and Tunisian proposals to promote international actions against terrorism.